Aldgate, SA

Charming, historic village in the Adelaide Hill.

The Adelaide Hills are Adelaide's answer to an Indian hill station during the British Raj. They are cool in the summer months when Adelaide can be impossibly and offensively hot. The trees, the quietness, the charm and elegance are all part of an "away from it all" ambience which makes all the villages special and delightful. In the case of Aldgate there is little more than the famous Aldgate Pump Hotel, a pump in the main street which remains from the time when it was used to water horses passing across the hills, and a few shops. It is a sleepy and pleasant stopping point.


Aldgate is located in the Adelaide Hills 20 km south-east from the centre of Adelaide.


Origin of Name

Aldgate was named after the Aldgate Pump Hotel which was established by Richard Dixon Hawkins who named his hotel after an area in London just north of the Tower and East of the City of London. As the term finds its roots in Old Gate it is remarkably suitable for this location which, with its distinctive pump, was both a hotel and an entry point to Adelaide. In the 1930s an anonymous writer, calling themselves "Our Special Representative", wrote about Aldgate and noted that "In its earliest days, Aldgate was known as "Aldgate Pump," or "Aldgate Village Pump." I have an old "Gazetteer," nearly seventy years old, which refers to it as such. The village took its name from a pump outside the little inn that used to occupy the site of the present hotel. Here, at a trough, the thirsty bullocks, and sweating horses, used to drink after the long, stiff climb over the Tiers, while their drivers did likewise in the tiny bar. That pump is still there; and the hotel is still called the Aldgate Pump." 


Things to See and Do

Aldgate Pump Hotel
The Aldgate Pump Hotel has been modernised and changed many times over the years. However it is the reason that Aldgate exists. As early as 1852 Richard Dixon Hawkins, a licensed victualler and the son of a London publican, established a coaching inn hoping to capitalise on the rush to the goldfields at Echunga. By 1859 Hawkins had bought land and built the present Aldgate Pump Hotel, known to many simply as "The Pump". He had seen the traffic over the hills, and particularly the possibilities which existed at the point where the old Mount Barker Road crossed the Echunga Road. Hawkins built the Aldgate Pump Inn, built the pump and water trough, and watched as more than 60,000 people a year passed his front door. The hotel became quite famous. At one point it was described as "one of the best decorated of its kind in the Colony" with "magnificent chandeliers". By 1870 there was a small settlement around the pump (the one opposite the pub is not the original one). Richard Hawkins had a established a smithy on the opposite corner to the pub. Hawkins sold the pub in 1875 and moved to Echunga where he died two years later. Today the hotel is still an attraction, particularly on weekends, when people from Adelaide take a day trip to the hills.

The Pump and the Corner Store
Across the road from the Aldgate Pump Hotel is the pump (not the original one - and not in the original location) that was placed in the village by Richard Hawkins to encourage travellers to stop, water their horses and, perhaps, water themselves at his inn. Nearby is the old 'General Store' which dates from 1883 when building blocks were offered for sale. At various times it has been a general store, a butcher's shop and, in the 1890s, the Hills Cash Store.

Stangate House
Located at 3 Edgeware Road, Aldgate, Stangate House was bequeathed to the National Trust of South Australia in 1975. This elegant house was designed by Eric McMichael, a noted Adelaide architect, and built in the 1940s. The central appeal of the home lies in the outstanding garden with its huge oak tree (some suggest it dates from 1864 and was originally planted by Richard Hawkins but other sources claim it was planted by a homesick gold prospector) and its displays of camellias, hydrangeas and rhododendrons. The camellia gardens are so impressive they have been recognised (one of only 40 throughout the world) by the International Camellia Gardens of Excellence. Check for details.


Other Attractions in the Area

Aldgate Valley Nature Walk
This Nature Walk is a pleasant 6 km stroll from the corner of Strathalbyn Road and Mount Barker Road down to Stirling and across to Mylor. There is an excellent brochure which includes a detailed map. Check out The walk is broken into two sections - Stage 1 between Aldgate and Aldgate Valley and State 2 between Aldgate Valley Reserve and Mylor. As the brochure explains: "The bushland along the Aldgate Valley Nature Walk provides habitat to dozens of species of native mammals, birds, reptiles, fish and amphibians. Mammals include Kangaroos, Bandicoots, Possums, Water rats, Echidnas, Antechinus, Koalas and others. You might also come across several different species of snakes and lizards ... More than 150 species of native plants occur along the walk, ranging from delicate orchids to towering Candlebark gums. At all times of the year there will be something in flower, but the best wildflower displays are in spring. In autumn you can often find spectacular fungi." There are interpretative signs along the walk.



* Prior to European settlement the Adelaide Hills were home to the Kaurna Aboriginal people.

* In 1836 the land upon which Stangate House is built had been granted to Robert Thomas, a printer and newspaperman in Adelaide.

* By 1857 the land had been surveyed and subdivided into allotments.

* In 1864 Richard Dixon Hawkins, a licensed victualler and the son of a London publican,  established a water pump and a trough for horses as well as the Aldgate Pump Hotel where the town now stands. Hawkins was hoping to capitalise on the increasing traffic across the Adelaide Hills to the Echunga goldmining area.

* In 1867 Cobb & Co started a regular coach service from Adelaide to Aldgate.

* By 1870 a small settlement had grown up. Hawkins, ever mindful of his potential customers, established a blacksmith's shop opposite the pub.

* In 1875 Hawkins sold the pub and moved to the Echunga goldfields.

* In 1882 Aldgate was named after the Aldgate Pump Hotel which, in turn, had been named after an area in London. The word 'aldgate' is a corruption of 'old gate'. At this time the Hills Land & Investment Company laid out a town around the inn and pump. That year saw the Aldgate Park subdivision released for sale.

* The arrival of the railway in 1883 saw the hotel's importance decline and the traffic across the Adelaide Hills was greatly reduced. That year the town became part of the Stirling District Council.

* In 1940 Stangate House was built.

* In 2005 the village experienced serious flooding.

* Today Aldgate is one of number of small and attractive villages in the hills. 


Visitor Information

There is no specific visitor centre in the village. The nearest is the Mount Lofty Summit Visitors Information Centre, Crafers, tel: (08) 8370 1054.


Useful Websites

There is no dedicated Aldgate website. The hotel website - - has useful information about the town. There is also useful information on the district at the official Adelaide Hills site -

Got something to add?

Have we missed something or got a top tip for this town? Have your say below.

4 suggestions
  • Is there a round house built in the district about the 1800s? I heard from family that there was. My fathers’s family were in the blacksmith business. LeMaistre is the name. I would like to come and see where they lived.

    If you can answer this, please contact Leonie at

    Leonie La'Brooy
    • It has now been established that Alfred Watts was the first person to have the Land Grant for Section 92 in the Hundred of Noarlunga. The township of “Aldgate” was proclaimed in 1882. Stangate Garden falls within that township plan being on Lots 13-19. A copy of the Land Grant is held by the National Trust of SA. The first recorded member of the Thomas family to be listed as the owner of “Stangate” is Florence Emily Thomas, wife of J. Edwin Thomas. The first two Lots being purchased in 1892 and the last in 1898. The property remained in the family until 1966. By 1975 all 7 Titles had been transferred to NTSA.
      The history relating to the planting of the Oak remains unresolved. The above states that it was planted by Hawkins. This remains unsubstantiated!
      The “Mt Barker Road” referred to above only came into existence with the advent of the railway line passing through Aldgate (opened March 1883) the Old Mt Barker Road is clearly identified as passing through Piccadilly to Bridgewater and was diverted to Crafers because of the railway. Aldgate was the terminus of the line for most of 1883 and was the future terminus of the metropolitan line. It was also the central distribution point for mail and goods. It now appears that the original route into the Hills was an extension of the print Greenhill Road (in the early days it would appear that the Adelaide Hills were referred as “the Green Hills”).

      Kevin Bowden
  • The valley of the bandicoots has an interesting story. Not far away is the Warrawong Reserve – a plot of land surrounded by an electric fence where all the exotic predators were shot or evicted. Bandicoots were pretty well wiped out everywhere else, but thrived in Warrawong. One day, some of them got out and colonised a valley near Aldgate, hiding from predators in people’s gardens.
    At the end of Holborn Hill Road is a walkway perpendicular to the road. Turn left and keep going straight and you end up in Bridgewater. Turn right and keep going straight, you also end up in Bridgewater. Figure that out!

    Jeremy Morfey
  • This article is still full of errors
    It was a Land Grant to Alfred Watts in 1857 (Section 92, Hundred of Noarlunga; some 500 acres)
    The Aldgate Park subdivision released for sale in 1882 (the year prior to the arrival of the railway)
    Hawkins License for a “House” (Hotel) was granted in the Magistrates Court on June 21 1864
    There are now more than 40 International Camellia Gardens of Excellence
    The House and Garden no longer open on the 4th Sunday (to my knowledge)

    Kevin Bowden