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Carnamah, WA

Small wheatbelt service centre

Carnamah is a northern wheatbelt town in a shire which stretches from the coast through Eneabba to Carnamah and has a total area of 2,834,000 ha. The town is a service centre for the surrounding wheat, sheep and mixed farming properties. Like nearly all of the Central West the area is noted for its wildflower displays in late winter and early spring with the area around the Yarra Yarra Lakes being particularly impressive.

Location

Carnamah is located 303 km north of Perth via the Midlands Road.

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Origin of Name

Carnamah is named after "Carnamah", the name of a pastoral property established by Duncan Macpherson in the late 1860s. Macpherson's property took its name from Carnamah Spring, first mentioned in an application for grazing leases in 1861 in the name of Macpherson and Slater. The name is probably a word in Amangu of unknown meaning or, possibly, a Gaelic word meaning "cairn of the cattle" or "cattle rocks".

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Things to See and Do

Carnamah Museum
The Carnamah Museum is located at 10 Macpherson Street and includes artefacts, photos, documents, a yard with sheds full of old machinery, tools and implements. It is open on Friday afternoon from 1.30 pm - 5.00 pm or on request if you tel: (08) 9951 1690 or 0458 576 758. The building was completed in 1925 using local stone quarried from the Macpherson's farm. Mr Kroschel, a policeman from Three Springs, carted the stone and  G P Duncan, was in charge of the building operations. The museum is a perfect introduction to the area. The displays can be seen on the internet at the unusual and fascinating Virtual Museum which has a series of pages devoted to the Macpherson Family, the Midland Railway, the Ready Made Farms, schools, toys, the First World War, local business houses, the post office, local biographies, milk, cream and butter and many more aspects of local life.

Post Office
The post office in Carnamah has a fascinating history which is recounted on the Carnamah website (check out http://www.carnamah.wa.gov.au/visitors/heritage/post-office). It records how: "Miss Elizabeth Macpherson was appointed as Morse Operator on 1st June, 1874, at a salary equivalent to $20.00 per annum, at Macpherson Homestead. This facility became a Post and Telegraph Office in 1885, and Miss Margaret Macpherson was postmistress until she retired on 4th August, 1913.
"The Post Office was moved to the Railway Station on Miss Macpherson’s retirement, 4th August, 1913. In 1915, it was transferred to Lou Parker’s tin shed at the corner of Caron and Macpherson Streets (later a supermarket and since burnt down).
"It was later moved to a stone building opposite the Hotel. Official status was gained on 6th December, 1926. The present site was purchased on 21st May, 1928, and building commenced. This building was opened on 30th June, 1932, by Senator P J Lynch. The Post Office was also the Telephone exchange with one operator until 1948, when two operators were used. The telephone exchange closed on 3rd November, 1976."

Town's Churches
St Andrews Roman Catholic Church
Saint Andrews Roman Catholic Church was designed by Monsignor John Cyril Hawes in 1930. Monsignor Hawes was both a priest and an architect who designed a number of churches and buildings in Western Australia from 1915 to 1939.

Uniting Church
The Uniting Church was once shared by the local Presbyterian and Methodist congregations. The clergymen used to travel from Geraldton (the Presbyterian minister) and Moora once a month. It was built in 1926 from stone quarried from the Macpherson farm.

Macpherson's Homestead
Located one kilometre east of the town on the Carnamah-Bunjil Road, the Macpherson's Homestead, an excellent example of the pioneering architecture used in the district, was built in 1869. It has been restored and can be seen by turning east at Waltons Farm Machinery corner and follow the signs. It stands on a gently sloping hill which affords views of the undulating surrounding countryside. 
The homestead was built by Duncan and Mary Macpherson who settled in Carnamah in 1868. The Macpherson's established a pastoral station named Carnamah, and during their 70-year residence their homestead was known as Carnamah House. The northern telegraph line was built passing their homestead as it was the only permanent residence in the district. A telegraph office was run from an outbuilding by Duncan’s daughters for almost 40 years. From 1979 to 2004 the Carnamah Apex Club, Carnamah Restoration Society and the Carnamah Historical Society restored the homestead and in 1981 local farmers Glendon H. and Jennifer M. A. Lane donated ownership of the homestead and a parcel of surrounding land to the Shire of Carnamah. The building was officially opened on 23 October 2004 by Ian M. Macpherson (whose father Malcolm was the last Macpherson to own the homestead).
The Heritage Council of Western Australia assessed the homestead as having "played an important and successful role in the development and growth of the Carnamah district" and that "the place has particular structural interest, with its high walls and steeply pitched roof and bush rafters." The homestead is a permanent entry on the Heritage Council’s State Register of Heritage Places. The building can be inspected at any time but those who want to see the interior need to either email mail@carnamah.com.au or tel: (08) 9951 1690 or 0458 576 758.

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Other Attractions in the Area

Yarra Yarra Lakes
Lying to the west and north of Carnamah, the Yarra Yarra Lakes are an interconnected chain of salt lakes which tend to evaporate in the summer heat leaving vast wastelands of salt. There is a pinky colour to the salt in summer and when the lakes fill in winter they turn a deeper blue. The lakes cover an area of 11,900 ha, cover a total length of 25 km and, at the widest point, are 9 km wide. There is a lookout over the lakes on the Carnamah-Eneabba Road less than one kilometre to the west of Carnamah.

How to See WA Wildflowers - A Guide
Carnimah and the surrounding area is known as one of the richest of all wildflower destinations in the state. Between August and October the area is alive with wildflowers. Here are some guidelines to enjoy the spectacle.
When planning a trip there are a number of very simple rules.
(1) Start by downloading Your Holiday Guide to Western Australia’s Wildflowers at http://www.westernaustralia.com/en/things_to_do/forest_and_flowers/pages/wawildflowers.aspx#/. It is a comprehensive guide to the wildflowers. There are over 12,000 species and 60% of them are found nowhere else on the planet.
(2) There is a tendency to say "But I won't know what I'm looking at" but that is rubbish. There are a number of great books and the best, by far, is the answer to "Wildflowers for Dummies" titled "Colour Guide to Spring Wildflowers of Western Australia". It is privately published by Wajon Publishing Company, written by Eddie Wajon, and comes in three volumes – 1. Kalbarri and the Goldfields, 2. Perth and the Southwest and 3. Esperance and the Wheatbelt. They can all be purchased online from Kings Park & Botanic Garden in Perth. Check out https://www.aspectsofkingspark.com.au
The publication's design masterstroke is that the flowers are listed according to their colours and all the pages are colour coded. Thus Mr and Mrs Wildflower Illiterate, when gazing at a Spiny Synaphea, only need to open at the "yellow flowers" section and flick through until they find the colour photo which matches the reality. The company can be contacted directly on (08) 9310 2936. 
(3) No one should ever underestimate the power of local knowledge and assistance. The Western Australian wheatbelt, probably because of the declining prices for both wool and wheat and the increased levels of salinity, has decided that the spring wildflowers are a good for the local economy and worthy of patronage. When innocently asking where I might see a wreath flower (they are a flower which naturally forms itself in a circle like a wreath – particularly appealing to those with a morbid interest in death) at the local coffee shop in Morowa I was told that there were some in the area but the person who knew was at the information office. 
At the information office I was advised, and this is verbatim, to "drive down the main street until you see the road that crosses over the railway line, drive across the line and past the Police Station and Fire Station (or is it the SES), turn right at the next road, continue up past the sheds for a couple of hundred yards [metres haven't arrived here yet] and you'll see some beside the road". Absorbing the instructions I headed off and three minutes later, having noticed a sign reading "Wreath Flowers" on a fence, I found the plant. 
Morowa also publish a leaflet titled "Morowa Wildflower Drives" which, if you were thorough, could keep you in the area for a couple of days.
At the next town, Mingenew (which, for lovers of Australian Big Things now boasts the Big Wheat Stalk – known locally as "Big Ears") the information centre provides both a map and a list of locations with details like "20 km on the Pingelly road on the left hand side there are some excellent wreath flowers". And at Watheroo there's a wonderful local mud map with wryly enthusiastic comments like "Heaps of banksia, grevillea, snake bush etc along the road" and, getting quite technical "Rare and Endangered. E. Rhodantha (rose mallee) Only large patch in the world".
(4) There is a logical route which can be honed or expanded according to the amount of time you want to spend. 
The best starting place, if you want to get a good foretaste of what you are about to experience in the wild, is to visit Kings Park & Botanic Garden in the heart of Perth. Apart from offering sensational views over the Swan River and the Perth CBD the gardens boast a 17 hectare area which has more than 1700 native species of wildflowers. This is, not surprisingly, rather pristine and not very wild but it does allow you to develop a working knowledge of devils pins, kangaroo paws, desert peas, everlastings, starflowers, grevilleas, firebush, a range of orchids and hundreds of other natives. 
You really don't need to be a flora expert. All you need are your eyes and a sense of wonder because the Western Australian wildflowers in spring really are as remarkable and significant as a unique part of Australia as Uluru, the Great Ocean Road or Cradle Mountain. 

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History

* Prior to the arrival of Europeans the area was home to Aboriginal people from the Amangu language group.

* The Carnamah area was first settled by Europeans in 1861 when Duncan Macpherson moved sheep across from the coast and took up land to the east of the present townsite. 

* In 1866 James Nairn and his family moved into the district.

* Macpherson's Homestead, an excellent example of the pioneering architecture of the district, was built in 1869.

* In 1874 the Macpherson homestead became the local telegraph office.

* In 1894 the railway reached a point near where the Macpherson homestead stood. The station was named Carnamah.

* With the railway came a small community of fettlers, gangers, labourers and the station manager.

* Joe Parker arrived to cut timber in 1900. He sold the timber to the mines.

* In 1907 Lou Parker, Joe's brother, took up land at Winchester, south of Carnamah.

* Between 1912-1913 the Midland Railway Company cleared land on 45 ready-made 400 acre farms. This resulted in 20 families moving into the area.

* In 1915 Arthur Darling became the first farmer in the district to grow wheat on a large scale.

* In 1916 Harry Parkin opened a second general store in the town.

* Between 1919-1923 a War Service Farming Scheme was established at nearby Yarra Yarra Lakes and 40 families moved into the area. 

* The Carnamah Town Hall was opened in 1921.

* In 1923 the Carnamah Road Board was established. That year the telephone arrived in the town.

* In 1924 a hotel was built in the town.

* The Road Board offices were built in 1926.

* By the end of the 1920s Carnamah was recognised as one of the richest wheat producing areas in Western Australia.

* Donald Macpherson, the "Father of Carnamah", died aged 73 in 1931.

* In 1933 some local farmers started growing barley.

* Some further War Service Farms were released in the 1950s after World War II.

* The Shire of Carnamah offices were built in 1980.

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Visitor Information

Carnamah Visitor Information Centre, Carnamah Council Offices, 9-11 Macpherson Street, tel: (08) 9951 1119.

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Useful Websites

There is an excellent local website. Check out http://www.carnamah.wa.gov.au. Additional information is available at http://www.carnamah.com.au.

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