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Dunsborough, WA

Town at the northern entrance to Leeuwin Naturaliste National Park.

Dunsborough is a pleasant, upmarket resort town at the northern entrance to the Leeuwin Naturaliste National Park. The area's appeal is based on its dramatic and beautiful coastal scenery, its coastal bush walks, wildflower displays and the excellent whale watching between September and December.

Location

Dunsborough is located 247 km south of Perth via the Kwinana and Busselton Freeway. It is 24 km east of Busselton.

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Origin of Name

There is no certainty about how Dunsborough got its name although the popular theory is that it was named after a whaler and sealer named Dunn. He was an American adventurer who settled in the area in the winter months. The district was originally known as Dunnsboro and sometimes Dunnsborough. In the 1940s the second 'n' was dropped and it became Dunsborough.

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Things to See and Do

Leeuwin-Naturaliste National Park
The Leeuwin-Naturaliste National Park stretches south to Cape Leeuwin for 120 km from Cape Naturaliste. It is a stretch of coastline which intersperses granite headlands and promontories with networks of caves (there is a lot of limestone in the region) and some of the most beautiful beaches along the Western Australian coast.

A good sealed road runs between Dunsborough and the lighthouse. There are a number of bush walks which start near the lighthouse.

Cape Naturaliste's attractions include Lookout Rock near Castle Bay which offers superb views over Geographe Bay. It was used by the whalers for sighting whales swimming up the coast. There is Curtis Bay where a sailor named Anthony Curtis used to load cattle onto his ship by swimming them out and pulling them aboard by their horns.

Further along the coast are Castle Bay and Castle Rock which were once used as a resting place for the American whalers who worked in the Southern Ocean. The whalers, having caught and killed the whales, would bring them ashore at Castle Bay where they would be processed for oil. The Castle Bay Whaling Company operated from 1845-72. There is a cairn which marks the original site. Further up the coast are the popular beaches at Meelup and Eagle Bay. The highlights of any visit to Cape Naturaliste are visits to Sugarloaf Rock (clearly signposted to the west of the cape) and Shelley Beach (to the east). Sugarloaf Rock is a dramatic rock just off the coast in an area which is rich with wildflowers. Shelley Beach is part of Bunkers Bay which, being on the eastern side of the cape, is protected  from the full force of the Indian Ocean.

Cape Naturaliste is also home to several rare species of wildflower including the Naturaliste Nancy, Dunsborough Spider Orchid, Cape Spider Orchid and Meelup Mallee. All of which are in bloom during the spring months

Between September and December it is also an ideal whale spotting location with southern right, humpback and blue whales in Geographe Bay. They can commonly be seen from Cape Naturaliste’s purpose built whale watching platform

There is a Cape to Cape Track (it was officially opened in 2001) which runs from Cape Naturaliste to Cape Leeuwin. If you are planning to walk the coast there is a book, The Cape to Cape Track Guidebook. Check out http://www.capetocape.8m.com. There is also a dedicated website with detailed information about the track. Check out http://www.capetocapetrack.com.au/pages.asp?code=10. For more information check http://parks.dpaw.wa.gov.au/park/leeuwin-naturaliste. Of particular interest to walkers is the  'Access for More' section of the Cape to Cape Track which runs between the Cape Naturaliste Lighthouse and Sugarloaf Rock. It is suitable for wheelchairs. It is accessible at either end by vehicle. Seats are provided along the route. This is a world class trail that incorporates more than a kilometre of timber boardwalk. Check http://parks.dpaw.wa.gov.au/park/leeuwin-naturaliste for more details.

Cape Naturaliste Lighthouse
By the time it has been completed in 1904, more than twelve ships had been wrecked by the dangerous reefs and strong currents which characterised Cape Naturaliste. There had been other, simpler devices to indicate where the shore was but in 1903, on a 100 m high bluff over Geographe Bay, the lighthouse was constructed. It was built from local limestone which was quarried a couple of kilometres from the site. Bullock wagons brought the material, including the lens and a turntable weighing 12.5 tons, to Eagle Bay. The stairs inside the lighthouse were made from local wooden teak blocks. The light, powered by an incandescent vapourised kerosene lamp, was lit in 1904. Twenty years later it was upgraded to 1.2 million candles and it was automated in 1978. It has a range of 25 nautical miles, is 123 m above sea level, and currently has an intensity of 930,000 candela.

Ngilgi Cave
Ngilgi Cave is only 10 minutes drive south of Dunsborough and located off Caves Road, north of Yallingup. It was discovered by Europeans in 1899 and has become one Geographe Bay's most significant tourist attractions. The cave takes its name from an Aboriginal legend which recounts a battle between a good spirit (Ngilgi) and an evil spirit (Wolgine). The cave has the usual impressive array of stalactites, stalagmites, helicitites and shawl formations. There is an interpretive area recording Ngilgi Cave's history as well as a cafe, playground and barbecue facilities. It is open from 9.00 am - 5.00 pm (first tour at 9.30 am, last entry at 4.00pm). Check out http://www.geographebay.com/great-outdoors/ngilgi-cave for times and tours.

HMAS Swan Dive Wreck 
It is possible to dive on the HMAS Swan Dive Wreck which is a River Class Frigate Destroyer Escort, built in 1967, decommissioned in 1996, andsunk in 30 metres of water off Meelup Beach. The Geographe Bay Artificial Reef Society have converted the frigate into an artificial reef and breeding ground for coral, fish and other marine life. The HMAS Swan can be visited by divers almost 10 months of the year.

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History

* Prior to the arrival of Europeans the area around Dunsborough had been occupied by the South West Boojarah of the Wardandi Aboriginal language group.

* In March, 1622 Dutch sailors sighted the south western tip of Australia and named it 't Landt van de Leeuwin' meaning the land of the lioness. They were familiar with the coastline north from Cape Leeuwin.

*On 30 May 1801, the French explorer Nicholas Baudin sailed up the coast rounded Cape Naturaliste and anchored in Geographe Bay. He named the two locations after his vessels the Geographe and the Naturaliste.

* On 6 December, 1801 Matthew Flinders, during his circumnavigation of Australia in the Investigator, named the south western tip of the continent, Cape Leeuwin.

* The area was settled by Europeans in the 1830s with whalers setting up whaling stations along the coast and pastoralists - the settlers who moved north from Augusta - taking up land around the Vasse River and south to the Dunsborough district.

* By 1845 the Castle Rock Whaling Station was operating north of the present location of Dunsborough.

* The town was proclaimed in 1877 but it remained nothing more than a few shacks until the early 1900s.

* Dunsborough's first general store opened for business in 1925.

* The town didn't get its first bakery until 1930. Prior to that supplies arrived twice yearly when a representative from Fremantle Union Stores passed through the area with his sulky laden with goods.

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Visitor Information

Dunsborough Visitor Centre, Dunsborough Park Shopping Centre, Seymour Boulevard, Dunsborough, tel: (08) 9752 5800, Open every day 9.30 am - 4.30 pm.

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Useful Websites

The Geographe Bay Tourism Association have a good and detailed local website at http://www.geographebay.com/

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