Heritage listed town on the edge of the wheatbelt
Northampton is a small, charming rural town on the edge of the wheat belt. Registered as an Historic Town of importance in 1993 it is notable for three buildings of historic interest - Chiverton House (which is now the local museum), the Church of St Mary in Ara Coeli which was one of the many buildings in the Central West designed by the architect-priest Monsignor John Hawes, and the ruins of Gwalla Church, a true experiment in non-denominational religion built by the ex-convict Joseph Horrocks.
Northampton is located 465 km north of Perth via Jurien Bay and Geraldton. It is 51 km north of Geraldton.^ TOP
Origin of Name
Northhampton was surveyed and declared in 1864. Its original name was 'The Mines' but the name was changed in 1871. No one is sure whether it is named after Northampton in England or as an honour to the then Governor of Western Australia, Dr. John Stephen Hampton. Or perhaps, a combination of both.^ TOP
Things to See and Do
Northampton Visitor Centre
Apart from providing information for visitors, the centre is located on the main street of Hampton Road in the former police station, quarters and courthouse (circa 1885) which was was constructed in Victorian Georgian-style. The stone and corrugated iron building housed the courthouse and police station for more than 80 years. The visitor centre is open Monday - Friday,9.00 am - 3.00 pm and Saturday, 9.00 am- noon. In summer (December - March) it is open Monday - Friday, 9.00 am - 2.00 pm.
Chiverton House Museum
Located on Hampton Road, Chiverton House was built by Captain Samuel Mitchell, the manager of the Geraldine Mine, between 1867-1874. It is claimed that convicts built the building. If this is the case it must have been one of the last structures built by convicts in Australia as transportation ceased in 1868. Chiverton House later housed the local branch of the Western Australian Bank (1908-1912) and today it is the town's museum which combines interesting historic items in the building and a range of old farm machinery and vintage cars, as well as an old stables, two stone wells and a butchery, in the yards around the house. Chiverton Museum has a collection of unusual memorabilia including a fiendish attempt to produce a rolling shaver which looks like it would scar its victim for life. There are also some very interesting old kitchen utensils including a strange butter cutter. The museum's emphasis is on the unusual rather than the common place. It is well worth a visit. It is open from 10.00 am - noon and 2.00 pm - 4.00 pm on Monday, Wednesday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday. Check out http://northampton.com.au/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=64:museum&catid=52:museum&Itemid=71 for more information.
Church of St Mary in Ara Coeli
The Church of St Mary in Ara Coeli was built by the famous Western Australian architect-priest Monsignor John Hawes. Located in Hampton Street, it was described in the Cathedral Chronicle soon after it was built: "As regards the exterior of the building, it gains character from the rugged nature of the hammer-dressed masonry, the deeply raked-out joints emphasising the charming and various colours of each stone. The main front of the church sheers up a precipitous cliff of rock: the effect of height increased by the long vertical lines of the massive buttresses springing upwards from the ground, and the soaring effect of the single deeply recessed arch. In the middle of this is set two light long mullioned windows with traceried head. The green tiles that cover the roofs give a very similar appearance to the green Westmorland slates of the north of England. Over the intersection of chancel and transepts rises a tall slender fleche surmounted by a silver ball and cross of wrought iron." Hawes saw the church as expressing spirituality in its soaring Gothic lines.
Convent of the Sacred Heart
Built in 1919, and located in Hampton Street, the Convent of the Sacred Heart is an impressive building which is listed by the WA Heritage Council. The Heritage Council website records: "In 1899 the Presentation Sisters succeeded the Sisters of St. Joseph in the Convent School. The Sisters lived and worked in very poor conditions until 1919 when the existing convent building was built. The convent building housed the sisters who ran the Day and Boarding School, which were in separate buildings. However, over the years their numbers declined until in 1983 the Presentation Sisters vacated the convent. Although demolition was considered, in 1984 the Northampton Parish decided to renovate the building, turning it into a camp centre. Several outbuildings of the original precinct have been demolished, including the dormitories, music room, boarders' dinning room, laundry and maids' room, old school and toilet blocks. Initially called the Irwin Centre after parish priest Mons. J. Irwin, the name was changed in 1989 to honour the sisters who no longer lived in the town." In terms of the Physical Description it notes: "Two storeyed stone building with surrounding timber verandas on both levels covered with a large corrugated iron hipped roof with vented gambrel ends. A large internal staircase provides access to the top floor, several rooms and the upper veranda. Generally access to most of the rooms on both levels is external via the verandas. The plan form is simple, being only one room wide to give good cross ventilation ... Although simple compared to Monsignor Hawes better known work, the building is another excellent example of his work and forms a significant precinct with his adjoining church." For more detailed information check out http://inherit.stateheritage.wa.gov.au/Public/Inventory/Details/ff36b531-8e9a-46f5-817b-a45d9c123462.
Mary Street Railway Precinct
Located in Mary Street, the Mary Street Railway Precinct is important because it is the last remnant of the first railway in Western Australia. It was constructed in 1912. The Heritage Council website (check out http://inherit.stateheritage.wa.gov.au/Public/Inventory/Details/84f11c1f-42c4-4768-a47a-2c6baec99303) describes the building as "a single rectangular room with stone walls and a wide, symmetrical cantilevered roof supported on gallows brackets. The roof is corrugated iron hipped at corners and with overhanging gambrels on each end. A rendered chimney with mouldings passes through the roof adjacent to the ridge on the south end of the building. Doors are pairs of two panel French doors with 2 pane highlights over, on two sides of the building together with double hung windows. High above the windows under the eaves and all around the building are large grilled vents between stone piers that ventilate the roof space over a flat ceiling. The ceiling is plasterboard with timber mouldings across the joints. The building's authenticity and integrity is enhanced by the original internal fittings, fireplace and furniture which are still in place. The character of the simple timber framed weatherboard rest room is enhanced by its curved corrugated iron roof which is cantilevered out on awning brackets to the west to form a veranda. The curved roof gives it a railway carriagetype charm. The railway platform, on which the buildings stand, is still in good condition making this site the focal point of the overall railway precinct. The precinct also includes the Station Master's residence to the east." Today the precinct has displays of railway memorabilia and rolling stock.
Other Attractions in the Area
Located south of the town (turn east off Hampton Street at Gwalla Street) are the cemetery and ruins of the Gwalla church which was built by Joseph Lucas Horrocks, a convict who was sentenced to 14 years transportation for forgery and arrived in Fremantle in 1852. In Fremantle he worked in the medical section of the convict settlement and, due to a chronic shortage of medical officers in the colony, was appointed medical attendant for the new settlement of Port Gregory in 1853. He was given an unconditional pardon in 1856 and spent the rest of his life (he died in 1865) working in the Northampton-Champion Bay area running a store, agitating for improved conditions for convicts, and building the Gwalla non-denominational church (it had separate Anglican and Nonconformists pulpits and a reading desk for anti-ritualists). Horrocks is buried in the cemetery. There is detailed information about the church and the ruins at http://inherit.stateheritage.wa.gov.au/Public/Inventory/Details/9e3f2849-b3c6-4a90-b31c-5f7d43d010fc. Of particular interest is the fact that the church "had a choir loft and was fully furnished. The first service at the Gwalla Church was held on 4 October 1864. To emphasise that no denomination had prior right to the use of the church Horrocks had the following words from Isaiah inscribed on the wall: "Thy house shall be called a house of prayer for all people". However, with the establishment and development of the township each denomination built its own church. After fifty years continuous service the Gwalla Church was no longer in use and the last regular service was held in 1913. It was then decided to divide the church furnishings among the different religions. The bell was eventually moved to Perth's Wesley Church and the church fell into disrepair."
There are some Aboriginal art works on the sheltered overhangs on Bowes River Road. They can be found by turning south off the Horrocks Road 30 km west of Northampton.
How to See WA Wildflowers - A Guide
The area around Northampton is known as one of the state's premier wildflower districts. The local website notes: "Northampton boasts a wonderful array of beautiful and colourful wildflowers in season including exquisite orchids such as the donkey, bee, cowslip and the rare greenhood orchid. Spectacular fields of pink everlastings and yellow pom poms are easy to find amongst the Northampton countryside and the sand-loving Kangaroo Paw can also be found here. These are just a few of the magnificent range of wildflowers you will find when visiting the Northampton region.
"The more popular wildflower spots are the Yerina Springs Road, West Binnu Road and Ogilvie sandplain, 25 kms North of Northampton. Or head South to Oakabella or inland via the Chapman Valley Road to see a diverse and vivid exhibition of wildflowers in bloom."
When planning a trip there are a number of very simple rules to follow so you can see the wildflowers at their most spectacular.
(1) Start by downloading Your Holiday Guide to Western Australia’s Wildflowers at http://www.westernaustralia.com/en/things_to_do/forest_and_flowers/pages/wawildflowers.aspx#/. It is a comprehensive guide to the wildflowers. There are over 12,000 species and 60% of them are found nowhere else on the planet.
(2) There is a tendency to say "But I won't know what I'm looking at" but that is rubbish. There are a number of great books and the best, by far, is the answer to "Wildflowers for Dummies" titled "Colour Guide to Spring Wildflowers of Western Australia". It is privately published by Wajon Publishing Company, written by Eddie Wajon, and comes in three volumes – 1. Kalbarri and the Goldfields, 2. Perth and the Southwest and 3. Esperance and the Wheatbelt. They can all be purchased online from Kings Park & Botanic Garden in Perth. Check out https://www.aspectsofkingspark.com.au.
The publication's design masterstroke is that the flowers are listed according to their colours and all the pages are colour coded. Thus Mr and Mrs Wildflower Illiterate, when gazing at a Spiny Synaphea, only need to open at the "yellow flowers" section and flick through until they find the colour photo which matches the reality. The company can be contacted directly on (08) 9310 2936.
(3) No one should ever underestimate the power of local knowledge and assistance. The Western Australian wheatbelt, probably because of the declining prices for both wool and wheat and the increased levels of salinity, has decided that the spring wildflowers are a good for the local economy and worthy of patronage. When innocently asking where I might see a wreath flower (they are a flower which naturally forms itself in a circle like a wreath – particularly appealing to those with a morbid interest in death) at the local coffee shop in Morowa I was told that there were some in the area but the person who knew was at the information office.
At the information office I was advised, and this is verbatim, to "drive down the main street until you see the road that crosses over the railway line, drive across the line and past the Police Station and Fire Station (or is it the SES), turn right at the next road, continue up past the sheds for a couple of hundred yards [metres haven't arrived here yet] and you'll see some beside the road". Absorbing the instructions I headed off and three minutes later, having noticed a sign reading "Wreath Flowers" on a fence, I found the plant.
Morowa also publish a leaflet titled "Morowa Wildflower Drives" which, if you were thorough, could keep you in the area for a couple of days.
At the next town, Mingenew (which, for lovers of Australian Big Things now boasts the Big Wheat Stalk – known locally as "Big Ears") the information centre provides both a map and a list of locations with details like "20 km on the Pingelly road on the left hand side there are some excellent wreath flowers". And at Watheroo there's a wonderful local mud map with wryly enthusiastic comments like "Heaps of banksia, grevillea, snake bush etc along the road" and, getting quite technical "Rare and Endangered. E. Rhodantha (rose mallee) Only large patch in the world".
(4) There is a logical route which can be honed or expanded according to the amount of time you want to spend.
The best starting place, if you want to get a good foretaste of what you are about to experience in the wild, is to visit Kings Park & Botanic Garden in the heart of Perth. Apart from offering sensational views over the Swan River and the Perth CBD the gardens boast a 17 hectare area which has more than 1700 native species of wildflowers. This is, not surprisingly, rather pristine and not very wild but it does allow you to develop a working knowledge of devils pins, kangaroo paws, desert peas, everlastings, starflowers, grevilleas, firebush, a range of orchids and hundreds of other natives.
You really don't need to be a flora expert. All you need are your eyes and a sense of wonder because the Western Australian wildflowers in spring really are as remarkable and significant as a unique part of Australia as Uluru, the Great Ocean Road or Cradle Mountain.
Hutt River Principality
Located north of Northhampton (there is a map which can be downloaded at http://www.principality-hutt-river.com/visitors/PHR%20Location%20Map.jpg) is the infamous Hutt River Province, the unassuming home of Prince Leonard and Princess Shirley of Hutt. This amusing episode in Australian eccentricity resulted when Prince Leonard renamed his wheat farm the Hutt River Province, declared himself a prince and his wife a princess, seceded from Australia and Western Australia and, as a nice little earner, started printing his own stamps. Of course none of his grandiose ambitions had any validity but he did attract an inordinate amount of publicity. They now have a wide range of souvenirs and encourage visits. Check out http://www.principality-hutt-river.com/ for comprehensive details.
Sad news: Prince Leonard died in February, 2019 and the "business" was taken over by Prince Graeme Casley, a former school teacher. In January 2020 a combination of the drought and a lack of business from tourism forced him to announce that the Hutt River Principality was officially closing.
On 11 August, 2020 CNN announced "The 50-year reign of an Australia-based micronation formed by a "prince" has come to an end.
Hutt River, a self-declared principality, issued its own passports and once even declared war on Australia. In recent years, however, it's been known as a quirky tourist attraction.
But the economic impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, coupled with a giant tax bill, have forced the principality to announce it will finally surrender to Australia." It had quietly died.
* Prior to the arrival of Europeans the area was home to the Amangu Aboriginal people
* Northampton was first settled in the late 1840s after Lieutenant George Grey had passed through the area on his retreat from North-west Cape.
* Exploration in 1842 led to the discovery of lead ore and copper which were subsequently mined at the Geraldine and Gwalla Mines. The Geraldine Mine (located about 5 km west of the town) was reputedly the first lead mine in Australia.
* By 1863 980 tons of lead and 230 tons of copper were being exported from the district.
* The town was surveyed and gazetted in 1864.
* Its original name was 'The Mines' but it got its present name in 1871 as a combination of Northampton in England and an honour to the then governor of Western Australia, John Stephen Hampton.
* By 1877 the district was producing about 4000 tons of lead and copper each year. The minerals were moved to Port Gregory by wagon.
* In 1879, after considerable local pressure, a railway was completed from Geraldton to Northampton. It was the first government-built railway in Western Australia.
* The town was seriously damaged by floodwaters in 1900.
* The Convent of the Sacred Heart was opened in 1919.
* In 1936 4,628 tons of lead were mined in the district.
* In 1936 the Church of Our Lady in Ara Coeli was consecrated.
* The Grand Junction Mine was closed in 1938.
* In 1954 the Northampton State Battery was officially opened.
* The railway was finally closed down in 1957.
* In 1970 Leonard Casley established the Principality of Hutt River in the shire and declared its independence.
* In 1993 the town was classified by the National Trust as an historic town.
* The Northampton State Battery was closed down in 2010.^ TOP
Northampton Visitors Centre, Hampton Road, tel: (08) 9934 1488.^ TOP