Peak Hill, NSW

Small historic gold mining town in NSW Central West.

Often Peak Hill, because it is the second largest town in the Parkes Shire and because it is only 49 km north of the larger centre, is grouped in as an activity to be undertaken by people visiting Parkes. This is unfair. It deserves to stand as a worthwhile place to visit in its own right. It is a small town created as a result of a very substantial discovery of gold. It is a rarity: a gold mining town which has endured rather than boomed and busted.


Peak Hill is located 406 km west of Sydney via the Great Western Highway to Parkes and then north for 49 km on the Newell Highway. It is 70 km south-west of Dubbo and 267 m above sea-level.


Origin of Name

Peak Hill almost certainly got its name, or shares its name, with the Peak Hill mining company which, in turn, took its purely descriptive name from the shape of the 90 metre high hill containing large masses of iron, ferruginous quartz and quartzite which formed the basis of the town's gold mine.


Things to See and Do

Peak Hill Open Cut Experience
Turn east off the Newell Highway into Mingelo Street in the centre of town. After 400 metres you will reach the Track Head Car Park which is the start of the Peak Hill Open Cut Experience. As the Parkes Shire Council website explains: "This is a walking experience which requires a low to moderate level of fitness to complete most of the trails but, for less active visitors, there is 'easy access' to the main viewing platform and a pleasant, flat return walk along the 'low wall' of the main open cut with spectacular views across to the 'high wall'." In total the Open Cut Experience involves five open cut mines, five self-guided walking trails and some historic mine workings. The area has been established on the site of the two original mine shafts which were hand-excavated in the late 19th and early 20th centuries - one to a depth of 100 m and a length of 200 m. There are a number of artefacts - old boilers, old houses, old pieces of machinery - and the walks are all clearly signposted with detailed boards explaining the history and origins of the mines and artefacts. Group tours of the mine are offered all year round by appointment, tel: (02) 6862 6000. Check out for more details. It is also possible to go gold panning with tours starting at the Kiosk at the Track Head Car Park. The site is open from 9.00am - 4.00 pm daily.

The Big Fish Fossil Hut
Located at the Peak Hill Caravan Park, 2 Ween Street (turn west off the Newell Highway) the Big Fish Fossil Hut was opened in 2009. It is the brainchild of Michael Durrant who has been establishing 'World of Fossil' museums around Australia. The Peak Hill displays include "ancient wildlife groups that have lived across Eastern Australia over the past 700 million years ... including trilobites, ammonites, seastars and arinoids through to fish, amphibians and dinosaurs.  One dinosaur case features a giant rib of a sauropod dinosaur, similar to those recently discovered in Queensland … the gigantic 'star' of this collection is the largest fossil fish on display anywhere in Australia.  It is called Xiphactinus, and lived during the time of the dinosaurs. 'The Big Fish Fossil Hut' specimen is about 4.5 metres long." Entry is free if you are staying at the Caravan Park. Others pay a small entrance fee. It is open from 8.00 am - 9.00 pm daily, tel: (02) 6869 1422.

Peak Hill Flora and Fauna Nature Walk
This is a pleasant 1.4 km walk through a 9 ha Flora and Fauna Reserve with the possibility of seeing kangaroos and rock wallabies, hearing a range of native birds and, particularly in spring and summer, experiencing the beauty of the Australian bush in full bloom. The Nature Reserve is located at the edge of town, off Golf Club Road. There is a turnstile gate. Check out

St James' Catholic Church
St James' Catholic Church in Caswell Street was built in 1935 and is a prominent feature on the Newell Highway. It is distinguished by impressive twin spires.


Other Attractions in the Area

Bogan Weir
Bogan Weir is located 7 km from Peak Hill and offers a pleasant rural environment where the visitor can have a picnic, do some bird watching, canoeing and fishing. Head north out of Peak Hill and turn left onto Tullamore Road.

Goobang National Park
Goobang National Park is a long, narrow, 42,600 ha reserve (at one point it is only 200 m wide and yet it is 55 km long) which lies about 30 km north east of Parkes. It is important because it contains "the largest area of remnant vegetation in the Central West of New South Wales".

Goobang includes the Hervey, Curumbenya and Bumberry mountain ranges and valleys. The park is home to over 300 plant species including 40 orchid species and it is also home to thirteen rare and endangered animals including the koala, squirrel glider, brush-tailed rock wallaby, regent honeyeater, glossy black cockatoo and superb parrot. It is an ideal park for bushwalking, picnicking, camping, photography and nature studies. The park brochure can be downloaded at It provides a good map and descriptions of two walking tracks in the park. The 1 km Caloma Trig Walking Track (easy, thirty minutes each way) and the Burrabadine Peak Walking Track (4 km, 2 hours).



* Prior to European settlement the Wiradjuri Aboriginal people had lived in the area for thousands of years.

* In 1817 a party led by John Oxley became the first Europeans to pass through the district. They passed only a few kilometres from the present townsite.

* In 1835 Major Thomas Mitchell led an expedition through the area, explored the Bogan River, and wrote that the local Wiradjuri were intelligent, resourceful, sincere and possessed of an unaffected nature. At the time he estimated there were around 1,000 Aborigines living along the Bogan River.

* Shortly after Mitchell passed through two Europeans (one was William Lee) established a grazing property a few kilometres north-west of today's Peak Hill town site.

* By the early 1840s Lee and some of the other squatters were known to have committed atrocities against the local Wiradjuri.  William Lee actually had his squatting license revoked after a massacre of Aborigines along the Bogan River.

* Most of these massacres went unreported. When Major Mitchell came through the area in 1845 he noted the complete absence of Aborigines. He also noted that most of the land adjacent the Bogan had been occupied by that time.

* Peak Hill became a town in 1889 when gold was discovered and two open-cut mines were established.

* The Peak Hill mine operated from 1893 to 1917 and produced 1,872 kg of gold from 500,000 tonnes crushed and processed.

* Peak Hill was incorporated as a municipality in 1894.

* The railway line was officially opened in 1914.

* Major mining operations at the Peak Hill mine ceased in 1917.

* On 14 August, 1918 Peak Hill became the site of the first bulk wheat silo (with a capacity of 50,000 bushels) constructed in New South Wales. The crops in the following years were poor and the silo was not filled until 1920.

* The price of gold justified the reopening of the mine and this occurred in 1996. Between 1996 and 2002 Alkane Resources Ltd extracted 4,524 kg of gold from 4.9 million tonnes of crushed rock.

* In 2002 Peak Hill Open Cut mine was re-developed as a tourist mine. The Peak Hill Open Cut Experience is the town's main tourist attraction.


Visitor Information

The town's volunteer Visitor Information Centre is located at 62 Caswell St (the Newell Highway) tel: (02) 6891 1981 and, if you are visiting via Parkes, check out the Parkes Visitor Information Centre at the Henry Parkes Centre, Newell Highway, Parkes, tel: (02) 6862 6000. It is open from 9.00 am to 5.00 pm on weekdays and from 10.00 am. to 4.00 pm on weekends.


Useful Websites

The Parkes brochure - downloadable at - has a very detailed and useful section on Peak Hill. The town has its own excellent website - check out

Got something to add?

Have we missed something or got a top tip for this town? Have your say below.

18 suggestions
  • Where can I find sone more historical photos of the Peak Hill main street?
    Is there a sawmill nearby?

    jack harris
  • What is known about the Peak Hill Gift, a footrace similar to Stawell Gift?

    • Hi Peggy – I don’t know a lot. It used to be run in the 1940s and was a popular event along with the Bendigo Gift and the Stawell Gift. In 1947 the prize money was £750 which was a huge amount for the time. There is no mention of it now. I guess, like so many local things, it died when the enthusiasts got to old or retired. That’s all I can tell you.

      Bruce Elder
    • Regarding the Peak Hill Gift: my grandfather started it and my father was the secretary of the organising committee. It was run in 1947 and in 1948 in April. I have a file with newspaper cuttings from the time. There was a concert, a dance and a shooting competition also held at the same time.

      Andra Jackson
  • What is the old hospital used for these days?

    mary lees
    • It is still running as a hospital.

      • The old Heritage listed hospital was replaced by a beautiful Peak Hill MPS Centre also containing high care beds. It is behind the old Hospital building.
        The new MPS is a very modern and strategically built building with lovely rural views from hospital rooms to the Hervey Ranges at the back.
        A committee was recently formed to begin the process of restoring and finding a use for the old Hospital.
        A bit of Trivia: The old hospital was famous for the Lady in the Iron lung. She made medical history when she gave birth to a healthy girl.

  • HI , I am doing my family tree and have come across Hugo DeLacy who stood for council in Peak Hill 1892. He was not elected but was subsequently elected to council in 1900. He and his wife (my side of the family) owned a shop in town and did shows for people. I hope I have the right place. Got this information from the Peak Hill Express on Trove. Love to here about those days. Thank you for reading this, Gail.

    Gail Reardon
  • Looking for information on John Edward Morgan
    Believe he is of aboriginal decent had a property in Peak Hill NSW

    Diane Maureen Walton
  • Peak Hill visitor centre is open 7 days 9.30am to 4.30pm.
    Closed Christmas day. Open every other public holiday 10.00am to 4.30pm
    Why not call in and take your photo with the Big Tyre. A huge tyre off one of the Peak Hill Gold mining trucks.

  • Peak Hill will celebrate the Centenary of the Peak Hill Silo in August 2018.
    The first upright silo to built in Australia.
    The opening of the Silo was recorded in The Sydney Mail on 14th August 1918

  • Looking for the history of Edward Bakes. He lived in Peak Hill in the 1800s.

    Also the Andrews family.

    Anne Dunn
  • I have a photo of Peak Hill Soccer Club players taken in 1929. My father is one of the players in the photo

    Bruce McLauchlan
  • Peak Hill won the Group eleven Rugby League grand final in 1951 by beating one of the Dubbo teams. My Dad played lock on that day. The players in the team listed in the Peak Hill Times were stuck on the wall in our shearing shed at Trewilga and his team mates who were our shearer’s would say “Can you still hear the roar of the crowd, Damper?” his nickname.
    Kevin Stanford 1925 till 2012.

    Russell Stanford
  • Is there a record of how many miners died at the Peak Hill Mine between 1893 & 1899 and listed names.
    I am researching some family history. Thks Unita

  • Hi, My Name Margaret Hall, I was wandering about the Carrington hotel, I used to live, work there, 1971 to 1975. Owners was Mrs & Mr Maxfield.