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Port Noarlunga, SA

Historic port now part of Adelaide's southern coastal sprawl

Port Noarlunga and Hallett Cove are now attractive seaside suburbs at the southern edge of Greater Adelaide. They were a vital part of the early European development of South Australia but, in the past two decades, this sleepy retreat has become a popular suburban development with large houses gazing over St Vincent Gulf. Still, the attractive historic churches in Old Noarlunga and Port Noarlunga, the peaceful beaches, the jetty and the 1600 metre reef, make it an ideal daytripper and family holiday destination. Old Noarlunga, which lies 5 km south east of the port, has a beautiful park between the main road and the Onkaparinka River. It also has a number of interesting historic buildings. 

Location

Port Noarlunga is located 33 km south of Adelaide.

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Origin of Name

It is widely accepted that Noarlunga derives from the corruption of an Aboriginal word (probably a Kaurna word) "Nurlongga" meaning a curved place and probably referring to the bend in the Onkaparinga River known as the Horseshoe Bend.

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Things to See and Do

Collett Barker Memorial
Located on The Esplanade above the jetty, the Collett Barker memorial, an impressive 4 metre high bluestone cairn which was installed in 1933, records the approximate landing place of the explorer and military officer, Captain Collett Barker who reached the area on 15 April, 1831. The inscription reads: 'Hereabouts April 15, 1831 Captain Collett Barker, Pioneer Explorer, landed from the ship Isabella and proceeded inland and lost his life April 30, 1831.' For more information check out http://monumentaustralia.org.au/themes/people/discovery/display/51533-collett-barker.

There are a small number of Heritage Sites in Port Noarlunga. The ones recorded as being of State Heritage importance include:

Perry Homestead
Located at 80 Murray Road, Port Noarlunga this home was built in 1922 "the building is two storeys and set on the side of a hill with surrounding balconies. Constructed of stone with brick trimmings and an iron roof, the building has been owned and occupied by the Perry family since construction." For further information check out http://www.onkaparingacity.com/builtheritage/heritage_details.asp?ID=50.

Port Noarlunga Hotel
Located at 29 Saltfleet Street. the Port Noarlunga Hotel was built in 1932 and by 1947 it boasted the first beer garden in South Australia which was, sadly, removed in 1996. The Onkaparinka Built Heritage website records "A large two storey corner hotel building with a projecting, angled, corner flying gable and verandah/balcony to two sides. Walls are constructed of red brick, rendered to the base. The low pitched, hipped and gabled roof is clad in terracotta tiles and the balcony roof is an extension of the main roof. Doors and windows are timber and windows are double hung sash windows.  The balcony posts and balustrade is timber." Check http://www.onkaparingacity.com/builtheritage/heritage_details.asp?ID=238 for more details.

Sauerbier House
Located at 21 Wearing Street and now converted into the Sauerbier House Arts Centre, the gallery and washhouse are open Wednesday to Friday 10.00 am - 4.00 pm and Saturday noon - 4.00 pm. For more information tel: (08) 8186 1393 or check out http://onkaparingacity.com/onka/discover/arts_culture/sauerbier_house_culture_exchange.jsp.
According to an article in The Adelaide Review in 2015 the building itself is "a good example of a late Victorian limestone house enclosed by a bull nosed veranda. Original outbuildings have been preserved, with the laundry/washroom now converted into a Writer’s Studio. The interior reflects the original no-nonsense taste of the original owners: white painted plaster walls and a suspended Baltic pine floor ... the land on which the house sits runs down to the estuary and links the site with the river and dunes. In terms of visual dramatics and cultural, particularly Indigenous connections, this siting is extraordinary."

Port Noarlunga Jetty
Noarlunga's most identifiable public building is the jetty which was opened in 1921. The town had a jetty as early as 1854 but, by 1900, it had fallen into disrepair and, although there was some interest in repairing it, it wasn't until 1918 that tenders were called for a new jetty. The result, costing around £6,000 was a timber jetty which was 1,250 feet long. It is protected by the reef which operates as a natural breakwater. In November 2018, the stairs at the reef end of the jetty were dislodged by strong winds and waves during a storm. The piles from the 1854 jetty lie 30 metres to the south of the existing jetty and can be seen on rare occasions. 

Old Noarlunga
Located 5 km south east of Port Noarlunga via River Road, Old Noarlunga is a reminder of the historic origins of the European settlement in the area.

SS Phillip and James Anglican Church
Located at 30 Church Hill Road, Old Noarlunga, SS Phillip and James Anglican Church stands on the hill above Old Noarlunga. It dates from 1850 when the foundation stone was laid by Bishop Short. At the time Old Noarlunga had a flour mill, a regular cattle market and was important for the trade along the Onkaparinka River to and from Port Noarlunga. The Western Fleurieu Anglicans website explains: "The church, with its nave and 56-foot-high tower, was a very substantial structure to have been contemplated at that time and demonstrates the spirit and strength of faith of those early Anglicans. Stone for the church was quarried from the riverbank below, brought up the very steep hill by bullock carts and then by a winch anchored to a rocky outcrop in the church yard. This can still be seen, marked by a plaque, among the gravestones to the south of the church tower. The building was dedicated and ready for use in May 1852. The earliest grave in the adjacent cemetery is dated 1852. In 1863 improvements and extensions were made to allow for a sanctuary, chancel and vestry, and the earthen floor was covered in slate flagging. The windows, formerly covered in hessian, were glazed with lead-lights and the roof was re-slated. In the early 1900s, further restoration took place. This included wooden flooring and, in 1915, the installation of the beautiful east window.  Several renovations/restorations have occurred over subsequent years, including the replacing of the slate-tiled roof with corrugated iron. In 2003, a Cemetery Curator’s storeroom and bathroom were built at the eastern end." For more details check https://southernvalesparish.org/st-philip-st-james-old-noarlunga.

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Other Attractions in the Area

Port Noarlunga Reef
Lying about 400 metres offshore, and very evident from the shoreline, is the Port Noarlunga Reef. It is about 1.6 kilometres long and was formed from a consolidated Pleistocene sand dune. It is a popular scuba diving and snorkelling location (there is a self-guided diving trail which is marked by glass plaques) and is known to be home to as many 60 different fish species and more than 200 marine plant species. 

Port Noarlunga Reef Aquatic Reserve
Since 1971 Port Noarlunga has been part of the Port Noarlunga Reef Aquatic Reserve - a reserve which has been created to protect the reef life and the Onkaparinka river estuary. The reserve covers an area of 527 ha. The Horseshoe and Port Noarlunga Reefs are characterised by a large range of plants, fish and invertebrates. Twelve bollards have been submerged along the reef to enable divers to enjoy an underwater tour of the area, with plaques offering information on the region and animals.

Hallett Cove Conservation Park 
The rock formations at Hallett Cove offer a rare insight into the continent's past. Glacial rocks at Hallett Cove lie between older and younger sequences of rock. Along the cliff top are 600 million year old folded purplish sandstone siltstones. In the amphitheatre the siltstones are covered by sandstones with fossils and clays formed in the last five million years. An interpretative walking trail has plaques describing the Conservation Park's cultural and geological heritage. The glacial pavements along the northern cliff tops are recognised as the best record of Permian glaciation in Australia. The most significant rock features are the glacial scratches on the cliffs and rocks which are 270-280 million years old. These scratches are the result of large rocks being carried long distances by the slow, inexorable movement of the glaciers. The formation of rock layers at Hallett Cove can be linked with other continents in the Southern Hemisphere. They're a vital link in the history of the breakup of the vast continent known as Gondwanaland into Australia, Antarctica, India, Africa and South America.

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History

* Prior to the arrival of Europeans the area was home to the Kaurna Aboriginal people.

* The area was first explored by Captain Collett Barker. There is a monument which reads: 'Hereabouts April 15, 1831 Captain Collett Barker Pioneer Explorer landed from the ship Isabella and proceeded inland and lost his life April 30, 1831.' 

* In 1837 the explorer C.W. Stuart travelled through the area looking for lost horses.

* In June, 1837 Colonel William Light passed through the district trying to reach Encounter Bay.

* By 1839 the area had been opened for selection.

* A whaling station was established at the mouth of the Onkaparinka River in 1841.

* By 1841 Old Noarlunga had become the central location in the area with traffic moving up and down the Onkaparinka River. The township was laid out by the South Australian Company which sold frontages for 4 shillings per foot. 

* A mill was established in 1843. Whaling stopped that year.

* In 1855 the first jetty in the district was built.

* In 1856 the District Council of Noarlunga was formed.

* In 1859 the town of Port Noarlunga was surveyed and offered for sale.

* The Port Noarlunga Post Office was opened in 1909.

* It wasn't until the 1920s that Port Noarlunga became important in its own right.

* In 1921 the modern Port Noarlunga jetty was built. 

* Aboriginal stone implements were first discovered by Europeans at Hallett Cove in 1934.

* In 1972 Old Noarlunga was bypassed by the Main South Road.

* In 1978 the railway reached Noarlunga Centre from Adelaide. That year saw Noarlunga renamed Old Noarlunga.

* Today Port Noarlunga is both a commuter zone as well as a popular fishing, diving, snorkelling and holiday destination.

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Visitor Information

The main visitor centre for Port Noarlunga is the McLaren Vale and Fleurieu Visitor Information Centre, 796 Main Street, McLaren Vale, tel: (08) 8384 0666, 1800 628 410. There is also information available at the Port Noarlunga Jetty, The Esplanade, Port Noarlunga, tel: (08) 8384 0666.

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Useful Websites

The official site is located at https://southaustralia.com/products/fleurieu-peninsula/attraction/port-noarlunga-beach-jetty-reef-and-aquatic-trail.

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