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Rosewood, QLD

Town noted for the largest wooden Catholic Church in Australia

Rosewood is a small town which lies between Brisbane and Toowoomba. It is essentially a service centre for the surrounding mixed farming area. Visitors will find that it has a number of impressive timber buildings including St Brigid's Catholic Church (the largest of its kind in Australia), the unusual Rising Star Hotel and the elegant Edwardian home, Glendalough.


Rosewood is located 61 km south-west of Brisbane and 61 m above sea level.


Origin of Name

The town was named in the 1870s after the Rosewood tree (acacia harpophylla) which grew in the surrounding scrub at the time.


Things to See and Do

St Brigid's Catholic Church
St Brigid's Catholic Church at 28 Matthews Street is reputedly the largest wooden Catholic Church in Australia. It is a magnificent wooden building characterised by great craftsmanship. The church was designed, and partially paid for, by Father Andrew Horan and opened on 13 February 1910 by Bishop Duhig. It  was made entirely of timber with the foundations being timber stumps set on timber bed logs.

The church has a nave and two side aisles each of which is characterised by a separate cross and gabled window. Inside are a number of unusual frescos - one has the symbols of grain (bread) and grapes (wine) with the inscription 'O memoriala mortis domini' (In memory of the death of our Lord) while the other depicts angels and was painted in 1935.

The Heritage Register records: "The interior of the northern wall was improved for the 1935 Jubilee Celebrations. Three stained glass windows by RS Exton & Co of Brisbane, and flanking murals on fibre supports by the important Queensland artist, William Bustard, were added.  A scroll on the diagonal boards of the lower central section of this wall was probably painted about this time."

Other features include the pressed metal ceiling, the altar which is made of wood but has been painted to look like marble, and the statues of the three saints - St Brigid, St Agnes and St Philomena. There is a very extensive description of the church on the Queensland Heritage Register site. Check out https://heritage-register.ehp.qld.gov.au/placeDetail.html?siteId=15511.

Rising Sun Hotel
Located at 27 School Street is the interesting Rising Sun Hotel which was built in 1908 and still retains its unusual corner roof turret and its elaborate veranda and awnings. It was designed by Ipswich architect, Will Haenke. It is a 1908 version of a Rising Sun Hotel which had originally been located at the bridge across the Bremer River and had operated as the local Cobb & Co coach stopping point. The current building was operated originally by the Sloane family until the 1970s and achieved local fame not only because, during the Great Depression, the Sloanes operated a soup kitchen on the back veranda, but it was also the home for a variety of local business people including the local doctor, chemist, bank manager and dentist.

Adjacent to the main roundabout on the corner of Langfield Road and John Street is 'Glendalough', a gracious timber house built in the early 1900s with additions in the 1910s, which is a superb example of the opulence of the local merchants of the time. It was built for Thomas Ernest Bulcock, a prosperous local storekeeper. The Queensland Heritage Register describes the building as "Glendalough is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a substantial, early 20th century timber residence of a wealthy and influential local citizen, designed to impress, which employs decorative timberwork, design elements which accommodate the warm Queensland climate - including wide verandahs on all sides and a well-ventilated summer sleeping pavilion - and a substantial garden.  The layout of the large formal entertaining areas provides evidence of the social standing of its original inhabitants, and of the building." It started as a five room cottage and eventually became a twelve roomed house with an octagonal summer room. For a detailed historical and architectural description of the building check out https://heritage-register.ehp.qld.gov.au/placeDetail.html?siteId=15510.


Other Attractions in the Area

Rosewood Railway Museum
The Rosewood Railway Museum is located 6 km from Rosewood at 57a Freeman Road, Ashwell. Head out of town on John Street and follow the signs. It has an extensive range of diesel, steam and electric locomotives and rolling stock and is open seven days a week. It runs steam trains on the last Sunday of each month. Check out http://www.arhs-qld.org.au/rosewood-railway-museum for times, prices and details. The website describes the journey: " The restored route climbs a spur of the Little Liverpool range providing 180° scenic views from Mt Flinders to the Great Dividing Range while visitors experience all the sights, sounds, and atmosphere of an authentic historic steam train journey." The journey traverses the district between Cabanda and Kunkala. It also has an "Engine Driver Experience" where a visitor can learn to drive a steam locomotive and be presented with a certificate. For general enquiries tel: (07) 3252 1759, Tuesday - Thursday from 10.00 am - 3.00 pm.



* Prior to European settlement the district was occupied by Aboriginal people from the Yuggera language group.

* The town came into existence when the railway from Ipswich to Grandchester was built during the 1860s.

* It became a stopover point on the rail line for the next twenty years.

* In the 1880s coal was discovered in the area and in 1881 the Walloon-Rosewood coalfield started operation. Around this time dairying and mixed farming were prospering on the rich soils.

* In 1910 St Brigid's was officially consecrated and the first mass held.

* In 1912 a branch railway line was established connecting Rosewood to Marburg.

* A coal mine west of Rosewood stared production in 1918.

* In 1988 the Rosewood historic railway was opened to the public.

* In 2013 the New Oakleigh Coal Mine, the last near the town, closed down.


Visitor Information

The nearest Visitor Information Centre to Rosewood is the Ipswich Visitor Information Centre, Queens Park, 14 Queen Victoria Parade, Ipswich, tel: (07) 3281 0555.


Useful Websites

There is no general website for Rosewood.

Got something to add?

Have we missed something or got a top tip for this town? Have your say below.

14 suggestions
  • Was the original name for Rosewood St Petersburg or just Petersburg? Name change due to the 1st World War.

    I don’t think so. I think it was always Rosewood. Read the history of the town in great detail on the University of Queensland site – http://queenslandplaces.com.au/rosewood-and-rosewood-shire.

    Wayne Harders ( Domrow decent )
  • Accommodation information would be useful.

    Reply: True but when I did this back in the 1980s we listed all accommodation and eating and it was over 22,000 entries and by the time we had finished a lot of them had already disappeared and new ones had sprung up. The answer is that there are other sites – Tripadvisor for example – which offer that information. This site is about attractions and history. Hope that explains our lack of accommodation information.

    Beatrix Bennett-Hillier
  • I’m doing my family tree and have come across my great-great-great grandfather, James Matthews, who happens to be one of the founding fathers of Rosewood … was wondering if his family home still stands, please?

    Heidi Matthews
  • Some history says there was an infectious disease hospital in Rosewood. I was wondering where it used to be and what it treated or what was it used for? It is said to have burnt down in the 1950’s.

    Can anyone help with this?

    • As far as I know there was a hospital in John Street at one time. Many were born there. There was also a hospital along Hospital Road. I do not have the year of these hospitals and I don’t know what kind of hospital the one on Hospital Road was. Hope that helps a little.

  • Could you tell me what used to be on the sites from Price Produce, Albert Street to Georges Lane, Rosewood, please.

    Graham Davey.
  • It is good to see this website by Australian traditional way of grammar ”Name” not ”First Name” which is incorrect grammar by other websites, why have the word First in front of Name ,is not effective . well done !!!

  • Hi I am doing my family tree and have some information that suggests Christopher Cantrell Meyers (Myers) and his wife Sarah (nee Morgan) lived in the area. One of their sons was born 1856 and the birth record states “Father Christopher was a storekeeper and owned a Boarding House”.
    Christopher and Sarah are most likely my GGG Grandparents.
    Is anyone able to confirm this information and provide any other details please?

    Julie Timmins
  • My greatgrandfather, David Elder a blacksmith in Crail, Scotland with his wife Barbara and
    their 12 children arrived in Rosewood in 1884 and began blacksmithing again. Five of their
    sons also became blacksmiths dispersing to other towns. David later had a dairy farm. I
    believe descendants are still farming around Rosewood.

    Rita Wimmer
  • Hi, I am doing my family History. The McCarthy Family & The Wockner family. My Grandmother was Mary Ellen McCarthy. She passed away when my father was only 6yrs old. We have never even seen a photo of our Grandmother. The McCarthy property was Rosalie.

    Wendy Fox
  • I am seeking info about Patrick James Sloane who was born on 1 November 1896 in Rosewood, Queensland, the son of Catherine and Bernard Sloane who owned The Rosewood Hotel. He married my aunt, Violet Alice Rose on 26 October 1935 in Rosewood. He died on 29 October 1937 at the age of 40. I am trying to find a PHOTO of Pat Sloan so that I can add it to our Family Tree.

    Kenneth Osetroff
  • What is the indigenous name for Rosewood township?

    mat ann
  • I’ve been told the turret on the pub was originally built so they could post a lookout for the stage coach.

    Peter Marshall