Small town in south-eastern NSW which describes the region as Platypus Country.
Bombala is a small rural service centre in the south east corner of New South Wales on the minor road between Cooma and Cann River. Removed from the main thoroughfares of the Snowy Mountains the town has remained largely undeveloped. It experiences icy conditions in winter. The agricultural area around the town is a mixture of sheep (fine wool), beef cattle, timber and lavender production. The local rivers are recognised as some of the state's best trout fishing destinations.
Bombala, which is 747 m above sea level, is located 487 km south-west of Sydney and 88 km south of Cooma.^ TOP
Origin of Name
It is probable that 'bombala', a word from the Ngarigu Aborigines who lived in the area prior to European settlement, can be translated as 'a place where the waters meet'.^ TOP
Things to See and Do
Exploring the history of the town
The best way to explore Bombala's historic buildings is to visit the Platypus Visitor Information Centre where it is possible to get a map which provides directions to the local Court House, the School of Arts, the National Australia Bank (1871), located on the corner of Caveat Street and the Monaro Highway, which was the former CBC Bank and was designed by J. F. Hilly; and the Literary Institute on Caveat Street, which dates from 1865 - today it is still elegant but, sadly, in a state of disrepair. Further along Caveat Street from the Literary Institute there are number of houses which date from the 1860s.
Olympia Cinema Facade
Entering the town from Cooma the visitor crosses the bridge and is immediately struck by the distinctive Olympia Cinema which dates from the 1920s. It is a modest and distinctive example of the ornate style of rural cinema which was popular at that time. Note particularly the pressed metal facade.
Rix Wright's Sculpture The Shearer
Near the Olympic Cinema, in the park beside the bridge, is a sculpture of a shearer. It is the work of Rix Wright, a man from Delegate whose most famous sculpture is the Hand of Fate at the National Timber Workers Memorial. Wright was the son of Hilda Rix Nicholas, a well known painter who married Edgar Wright and settled in the area. Rix attended Geelong Grammar and went on to become a poet, pastoralist and surveyor.
The attractiveness of the Bombala Valley can be observed by travelling south along Burton Street to the Endeavour Reserve. In the reserve there is a lookout which provides panoramic views across the town.
Platypus Viewing Platform
The town claims that the local rivers have the highest density of platypus in Australia. Still the creatures are very shy and are usually only spotted at dawn and dusk. Such is the confidence of the local community that they have established a viewing platform at the Platypus Reserve which is located 4.5 km out of town.
* Prior to the arrival of Europeans the area was inhabited by the Ngarigo Aborigines.
* The first Europeans had arrived in the Bombala district by the early 1830s.
* In 1833 Captain Ronald Campbell established a large run in the district.
* By 1848 Captain Campbell owned nearly 6,500 hectares which he named 'Bombalo'.
* By 1849 Bombala had its own post office.
* In 1850 a regular mail service was running between Bombala and Eden.
* It was around this time that a street plan was drawn up and Bombala quickly gained the reputation as one of the prettiest towns in the Monaro.
* By 1856 Bombala's population was nearly twice that of Cooma and a number of substantial public and commercial buildings had been constructed.
* The town continued to grow and by the early 1890s two bridges had been constructed over the Bombala River.
* In 1891 Bombala was created as a borough
* In 1903 Bombala was proposed by King O'Malley as a possible site for the new Federal Capital. It was seen as being halfway between Melbourne and Sydney.
* The local citizens agitated for many years for the construction of a railway line. It eventually arrived in 1921.
* In 1986 the railway was closed.
* Today the town is a small rural centre.^ TOP
Platypus Visitor Information Centre, Railway Park, tel: (02) 6458 4620^ TOP
The local council's website - http://www.bombala.nsw.gov.au - has lots of useful information about the town.^ TOP